Personality Disorder

A personality disorder is a way of thinking, feeling and behaving that deviates from the expectations of the culture, causes distress or problems functioning, and lasts over time.

Personality is the way of thinking, feeling and behaving that makes a person different from other people. An individual’s personality is influenced by experiences, environment (surroundings, life situations) and inherited characteristics. A personality disorder is a way of thinking, feeling and behaving that deviates from the expectations of the culture, causes distress or problems functioning, and lasts over time.

Difficulty faced with the person known to have Personality disorder

  • Making or keeping relationships
  • Getting on with people at work
  • Getting on with friends and family
  • Keeping out of Trouble
  • Controlling one’s own feelings and behaviors


Recovery

MEDICATION: some class of drugs help control some of the symptoms of personality disorders. Generally the classes of drugs used are:


  • Anti Psychotics (Especially in Cluster A)
  • Anti Depressants (Especially in Cluster B and C)
  • Mood stabilizers ( To help impulsivity and aggression )


Three main Groups of Personality disorder

  • Cluster A: Odd and Eccentric
  • Cluster B: Dramatic and Erratic
  • Cluster C: Anxious and Fearful


Psycho Social Therapies

  • Dialectical Behaviour
  • Mentalization
  • Schema Focused Therapy
  • Transference Focused Therapy
  • Cognitive Analytical Therapy
  • Cognitive Therapy


Helping Self

  • Try and unwind when stressed
  • Balance diet which is healthy
  • Avoid Alcohol and drug
  • Take up interest and hobby
  • Try and talk it out
  • Take good physical exercise

Intriguing facts

  • By late teens or early 20’s most individuals develop own personality with their own distinctive way of thinking , feeling and behaving.

The Three Clusters

  • Cluster A (the "odd, eccentric" cluster)
  • Cluster B (the "dramatic, emotional, erratic" cluster)
  • Cluster C (the "anxious, fearful" cluster)

Cluster A: Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal Personality Disorders.
Cluster A is called the odd, eccentric cluster. It includes Paranoid Personality Disorder, Schizoid Personality Disorder, and Schizotypal Personality Disorders. The common features of the personality disorders in this cluster are social awkwardness and social withdrawal. These disorders are dominated by distorted thinking.


Cluster B is called the dramatic, emotional, and erratic cluster. It includes:

  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder

Cluster C: Anxious and Fearful

  • Feeling of insecurity and inferiority
  • Perfectionist and rigid
  • Sensitive to criticism
  • Dependent on others