Rehabilitation

The goal of psychiatric rehabilitation is to help individuals with persistent and serious mental illness to develop the emotional, social and intellectual skills needed to live, learn and work in the community with the least amount of professional support.

Mental illnesses are the most devastating and disabling of the diseases, affecting the mankind, giving its afflicted and their families a life of suffering, trauma and travail. They totally destroy the persons, personally sap their capacity to lead a normal family and social life and drive them to a life of isolation from the family and society. Often the entire personality of the person with mental health problem becomes shattered due to difficulty in day to day functioning. What is needed is not just medical intervention but a multiple therapeutic approach to bring them back even to a semblance of normal functionality. The need is, along with psychiatric treatment a scientifically planned and organised counselling and rehabilitation program aimed at recovery and reintegration. While the illness affects the individual, the families who are the chief caregivers suffer equally because of lack of skills to handle critical situations, inadequate knowledge of the nature of illness and dismally poor facilities to treat the illness.

CHALLENGES/LIMITATIONS DUE TO MENTAL ILLNESS/PROBLEM

  • Impairment: Loss of normal function or abnormality of mental or physical function. Eg: Hallucinations, Delusions, Depression, Anxiety
  • Dysfunction: Restriction for or lack of environment for overcoming dysfunction.Eg: Inability to work, Taking care of self, Problems for simple activities like bathing, brushing
  • Disability: Restriction or lack of ability to perform a role.Eg: unemployment, under/discontinued education, Homelessness
  • Disadvantage: Lack of opportunity for an individual that prevents him fulfilling the role of normal person. Eg: Discrimination
  • Stigma

THERAPIES TO MENTAL ILLNESS/PROBLEM

  • Behavioural therapies to encourage acceptable behaviour and activity
  • Social skill training
  • Supported employment
  • Supported education
  • Supported living
  • Skill training
  • Resource identification and mobilisation
  • Family psycho education
  • Measure to build self esteem and confidence
  • Recovery oriented programs
  • Community inter-phased residential care